Osteomalacia

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Quiz: Do You Understand Osteomalacia?

Test your knowledge by answering the following questions:

Questions
True
False
1

Osteomalacia is caused by a fracture.

Explanation:
If you have vitamin D deficiency as a young child, before your bones are matured, that can lead to a condition called rickets, where the bones become deformed and bowed and your your height is attenuated or decreased.
2

A genetic abnormality can cause osteomalacia.

Explanation:
In rare cases, osteomalacia is caused by a genetic abnormality, certain surgeries or conditions such as celiac disease.
3

Patients always experience symptoms in the early stages of osteomalacia.

Explanation:
When osteomalacia is in its early stages, patients may not have any symptoms, although the condition may be apparent on an X-ray, or with blood and urine tests or a bone biopsy.
4

Fractures can be a symptom of later-stage osteomalacia.

Explanation:
As the disease progresses, patients can develop dull, aching pain in the lower back, hips, pelvis, legs and ribs that worsens with weight-bearing or at night; decreased muscle tone; leg weakness; and fractures, especially in the legs, ribs and spine.
5

In most cases, taking vitamin D and/or calcium supplements can effectively treat osteomalacia.

Explanation:
In most cases, taking vitamin D and/or calcium supplements can effectively treat osteomalacia, as they help strengthen the bones. It’s also important to eat foods that are high in vitamin D and calcium, such as low-fat dairy products, fatty fish and nuts and legumes.